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Sic is a Latin word meaning "thus", "so", "as such", or "in such a manner". It is used when writing quoted material to indicate that an incorrect or unusual spelling, phrase, punctuation or meaning in the quote has been reproduced verbatim from the original and is not a transcription error. It is normally placed within the quoted material, in square brackets and often italicized—[sic]. Alternatively it can appear after the quote in parentheses (round brackets)—(sic).[1]

It had a long e sound in Latin, meaning that it was pronounced like the English word "seek", Template:IPA-la; however, has been anglicised to Template:IPA-en, like the English word "sick".

Usage Edit

The word sic may be used to show that an uncommon or archaic usage is reported faithfully: for instance, quoting the U.S. Constitution:

The House of Representatives shall chuse [sic] their Speaker ...

It may also be used to highlight a perceived error, sometimes for the purpose of ridicule, as in this example from The Times:

Warehouse has been around for 30 years and has 263 stores, suggesting a large fan base. The chain sums up its appeal thus: "styley [sic], confident, sexy, glamorous, edgy, clean and individual, with it's [sic] finger on the fashion pulse."[2]

On occasion, sic has been misidentified as an abbreviation for "said in context", "spelled in context", "said in copy", "spelling is correct", "spelled incorrectly" and other phrases.[3] These are all backronyms from sic.

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. Wilson, Kenneth G. (1993). "sic (adv.)". The Columbia Guide to Standard American English. Columbia University Press. http://cup.columbia.edu/bookpreview/978-0-231-06989-2/. Retrieved 2009-11-03.  The particular entry is available in the online preview, via search.
  2. Ashworth, Anne (2006-06-21). "Chain reaction: Warehouse". The Times. http://women.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,26930-2234374,00.html. Retrieved 2007-01-06. 
  3. e.g. "Abbreviations.com". http://www.abbreviations.com. Retrieved 2010-01-27. , "Thefreedictionary.com". http://acronyms.thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved 2010-01-27. 

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